Çhandaḥ Śāstra

Vedāṅga disciplines comprise of  phonetics, rituals, grammar, etymology, prosody and astronomy. The study of Vedic prosody is called çhanda (छन्दः).

The metrical unit of verse is the foot or pāda (पद).

Çhanda include:

  • Gāyatrī: 3 padas of 8 syllables containing 24 syllables in each stanza
  • Virāj: 4 padas of 10 syllables
  • Kākubh: 3 padas (8+12+8) containing 28 syllables in each stanza
  • Uṣṇi: 3 padas (8+8+12) containing 28 syllables in each stanza
  • Anuṣṭubh: 4 padas of 8 syllables containing 32 syllables in each stanza
  • Bṛhatī: 4 padas (8+8+12+8) containing 36 syllables in each stanza
  • Sato-bṛhatī: 4 padas (12+8+12+8)
  • Upáriṣṭād-bṛhatī: 4 padas (8+8+8+12) containing 36 syllables in each stanza
  • Pańkti: 4 padas (sometimes 5 padas) containing 40 syllables in each stanza
  • Triṣṭubh: 4 padas of 11 syllables containing 44 syllabes in each stanza
  • Jagatī: 4 padas of 12 syllables containing 48 syllables in each stanza
  • Atyaṣṭi: 7 padas (12+12+8+8+8+12+8) containing 68 syllables in each stanza
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